Oil companies have the potential to achieve more than 10% cuts in greenhouse gas emissions by 2020 without using agrofuels, reveals a report launched last week by Friends of the Earth Europe. Released on the day Shell and BP announced combined quarterly profits of 14.4billion US dollars, Extracting the truth: Oil industry efforts to undermine the Fuel Quality Directive uses industry's own data to show how oil companies are falsely claiming that the target proposed by the European Commission in revisions to the Fuel Quality Directive is unachievable. It shows that at least 10% reductions in greenhouse gas emissions could be realised through reduced gas flaring, improved energy efficiency and fuel switching at refineries, and without the need for agrofuels which can have negative environmental and socials impacts and have not been proven to reduce emissions overall.
Friends of the Earth Europe's report calculates that reductions in greenhouse gas emissions of between 10.5% and 15.5% are possible through measures including less flaring and venting, energy efficiency improvements and fuel switching in refineries. The report comes at a time of record profits for oil companies and increasing attempts to portray themselves as environmentally responsible. In 2007, ExxonMobil, Royal Dutch Shell, Chevron, TOTAL, BP and ENI together earned together over 125billion US dollars.
The analysis puts oil industry attempts to obstruct the Fuel Quality Directive in the context of increased 'greenwashing'. Behind the scenes oil companies are lobbying against environmental legislation whilst in public they use advertising to suggest that they are reducing emissions. In 2007 Shell was found guilty of misleading advertising for an advert in which it claimed it used waste CO2 to grow flowers. A FoE speaker said: “Oil companies are not serious about their environmental performance. While they brand themselves as environmentally responsible, their CO2 emissions continue to rise. In reality the emissions of almost all of them are rapidly increasing and they are all investing heavily in energy-dirty tar sands, while their investments in renewable energy remain negligible or decrease.”