ActionAid welcomed French President Nicolas Sarkozy’s announcement that France plans to use its presidency of the G20 next year to create a new international monetary system. In a new report, Fruits of the Crisis: Leveraging the Financial & Economic Crisis of 2008-2009 to Secure New Resources for Development and Reform the Global Reserve System, ActionAid and Third World Network note that the IMF’s Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) could be used as an innovative financing tool to meet developing countries’ urgent requirements for development, climate adaptation, and counter the impacts of the global financial crisis.
Creative use of SDRs could complement measures such as the proposed financial transaction tax and levies on bunker fuels and aviation to raise the sums urgently needed. With international co-operation, SDRs would mobilise more resources than existing proposals for innovative financing. The report includes recommendations to build on the G20’s innovative use of SDRs to address the global crisis. It calls for mobilising the resources represented by the idle SDRs allocated to rich governments, and for easing the conversion of and use of SDR proceeds by developing countries.
In line with Sarkozy's speech to business leaders at the World Economic Forum in Davos, the report concludes that SDRs could also be a key part of reform measures that would address the causes of the global financial and economic crisis. In a climate of financial reform, with increasing volatility in the US dollar’s value and level of trust, SDRs may be the best option as an international reserve currency.
The new report analyses proposals for reform to the global monetary system from the United Nations and a range of economists and has been authored by Soren Ambrose of ActionAid and Bhumika Muchhala of Third World Network and is available >>> here.